[Visio-conférence] 2021 HAUS PhD Symposium: The Politics of Building a Climate Crisis – Cornell University – 22 avril 2021

Ph.D. Symposium organized by The History of Architecture and Urbanism Society at Cornell University.
Website for register : HAUS

Description

The History of Architecture and Urbanism Society (HAUS) invites graduate students to participate in its Annual Research PhD Symposium, entitled “The Politics of Building a Climate Crisis,” which seeks to rethink architecture’s historic role in the politics of climate change, while reimagin-ing interdisciplinary paths for addressing it.

This year’s inaugural symposium (event website), will be held virtually due to the COVID-19 pan-demic and take place on Thursday, April 22, from 9:30am – 7:00pm EST. It will feature presenta-tions by Paul Bouet (École nationale supérieure d’architecture Paris-Est, OCS/AUSser), Jordan Kinder (Universi-ty of Alberta), Jessica Ngan (Princeton University), Douglas Robb (University of British Colum-bia), Javairia Shahid (Columbia University), Christina Shivers, with responses by Cornell HAUD PhD Students.

The day’s presentations will be followed by a keynote lecture at 5:00pm EST by Daniel A. Barber (University of Pennsylvania).

Intervention membre UMR AUSser

« From Decolonization to Environmentalism: The Shift of French Solar Architecture circa 1973 »
Paul Bouet, École nationale supérieure d’architecture Paris-Est (OCS/AUSser) (Université Gustave Eiffel)

Résumé : In the history of the relationships between architecture and the environment, 1973 is considered a key moment, with at its core the first oil crisis beginning in October and the severe tensions it caused in the energy supply of large parts of the world. This event is thus generally viewed as foundational for research on the use of renewable energies and the rise of an environmental consciousness in architecture. In this presentation, I challenge this conventional narrative by examining the case of French solar architecture. I argue that the 1973 moment acted less as a starting point than as a converter of the goals and geographies previously assigned to research into the use of solar energy in buildings. To discuss this shift, I analyse the divergent views expressed by architects, engineers, scientists and politicians at a major international congress, “The Sun in the Service of Mankind,” held at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris, in July 1973, a few months before the oil crisis. While some participants presented their experiments of solar devices to adapt the arid and tropical climates of the recently decolonized “developing countries,” others inscribed their work in the framework of scientific ecology and the growing alarms about the unsustainable path followed by industrial societies. Shortly afterwards, the oil crisis drew a considerable attention to that research, but also contributed to mask its roots in the end of the colonial period.


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