[A paraître] « Dreams of disconnection: From the autonomous house to self-sufficient territories » / Fanny Lopez, Manchester University Press, juin 2021
« Dreams of disconnection: From the autonomous house to self-sufficient territories » / Fanny Lopez, Manchester University Press, juin 2021, 1 Vol. (336 p.), ISBN 978-1-5261-4689-2
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Cet ouvrage est la traduction augmentée de l’ouvrage issue de la thèse de doctorat de Fanny Lopez : « Le rêve d’une déconnexion : de la maison autonome à la cité auto-énergétique », éditions de La Villette, 2014,
Fanny Lopez est membre associé de OCS/AUSser (Eav&t Paris-est).
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Why do we live in homes and communities built around the century-old industrial model of large service networks that use polluting resources? For more than a century, creative architects and planners have dreamed of decentralisation and self-sufficient living, not to cut themselves off from society, but to invent new modes of consumption and to rethink collective public services around common environmental values.
In a time of climate crisis, changing society means changing energy infrastructures. Dreams of disconnection tells the story of this strand of design and planning, from its pioneers in the late nineteenth century to those applying similar ideas to tomorrow’s technology two hundred years later. Lopez takes in many a utopian visionary in her tour of dreamers of disconnection, from theorists and architects to industrialists and engineers. Technology and design are the centrepieces for these projects, and their complexity, particularly around sustainable supplies of energy, food and water, so often find solutions in aesthetics.
Whether these models were based around single homes or whole cities, Dreams of disconnection reveals that there is much to be learnt and marvelled at in the history of self-sufficient design.
Part I: Connection versus disconnection
1 Capturing territories through energy distribution
2 Being disconnected: genesis of a new technical utopia
3 Toward energy emancipation
Part II: The energy autonomy movement, 1970-80
4 Counterculture radicalism
5 Alexander Pike and the Autonomous Housing Project, 1971-79
6 The self-sufficient city
7 Critical technology: a problematic development
8 Electricity micro-networks: a tool for the energy transition?